Saturday, July 28, 2012

Wild Cats #Caturday

'Cats': their points and characteristics, with Curiosities of cat life, and a chapter on feline ailments. Author: Gordon Stables. Publisher: Dean & son, 1876. Original from: Oxford University. Digitized: Sep 11, 2006. LONDON: DEAN & SON, ST. DUNSTAN'S BUILDINGS, 160A, FLEET STREET, B.C.

Wild Cats. These animals are still to be found in some of the most solitary regions of Skye and Sutherland: and, I am told, they are sometimes seen in the mountainous parts of Connemara. Like the brown Tabby of domesticity, they vary considerably in their markings; but they can never be mistaken for any other. As a rule, the ground colour is yellowish grey, with dark stripes—the markings being at times, as even and beautiful as those of the Bengal tiger. The tail is shorter, and more bushy than that of the domestic cat; and the head, if once seen, or the voice, if once heard, can never be forgotten.

The prey of the Wild Cat is principally rabbits, and game of different sorts, it being the habit of the wild-cat to lie perdu all day, coming out only at night to hunt their quarry, or at early morning.

Wild Cats

This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, where Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF. Works published before 1923, in this case 1876, are now in the public domain. #Caturday

TEXT and IMAGE CREDIT: 'Cats': their points and characteristics, with Curiosities of cat life, and a chapter on feline ailments

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Amelia Earhart and Lockheed Electra

Title: Amelia Earhart. Born July 24, 1897 Atchison, Kansas, U.S. Disappeared: July 2, 1937 (aged 39) Pacific Ocean, en route to Howland Island. Status: Declared dead in absentia. January 5, 1939 (aged 41). NASA Center: Headquarters. Image #: SI-A-45874. Date: UNKNOWN Photography: Photographs are not protected by copyright unless noted.

Reference Numbers: Center: HQ Center Number: SI-A-45874. GRIN DataBase Number: GPN-2002-00021. Source Information: Creator / Photographer: Smithsonian Institution. Original Source: DIGITAL.

Publication Information: The image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It is a Smithsonian Institution photo number. Credit for this image should be attributed to the Smithsonian Institution.

This work is in the public domain because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1963 and although there may or may not have been a copyright notice, the copyright was not renewed. Unless its author has been dead for the required period, it is copyrighted in the countries or areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada (50 pma), Mainland China (50 pma, not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 pma), Mexico (100 pma), Switzerland (70 pma), and other countries with individual treaties. See Commons: Hirtle chart for further explanation.

Amelia Earhart and Lockheed Electra

Amelia Earhart standing in front of the Lockheed Electra in which she disappeared in July 1937. Born in Atchison, Kansas in 1897, Amelia Earhart did not begin flying until after her move to California in 1920. After taking lessons from aviation pioneer Neta Snook in a Curtiss Jenny, Earhart set out to break flying records, breaking the women altitude records in 1922.

Earhart continually promoted women in aviation and in 1928 was invited to be the first women to fly across the Atlantic. Accompanying pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon as a passenger on the Fokker Friendship, Earhart became an international celebrity after the completion of the flight. In May 1932 Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across in the Atlantic. In 1935 she completed the first solo flight from Hawaii to California. In the meantime Earhart continued to promote aviation and helped found the group, the Ninety-Nines, an organization dedicated to female aviators.

On June 1, 1937, Earhart and navigator, Fred Noonan, left Miami, Florida on an around the world flight. Earhart, Noonan and their Lockheed Electra disappeared after a stop in Lae, New Guinea on June 29, 1937. Earhart had only 7,000 miles of her trip remaining when she disappeared. While a great deal of mystery surrounds the disappearance of Amelia Earhart, her contributions to aviation and womens issues have inspired people over 80 years.

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Willis Haviland Carrier

In Buffalo, New York, on July 17, 1902, in response to a quality problem experienced at the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company of Brooklyn, Willis Carrier submitted drawings for what became recognized as the world's first modern air conditioning system.

In many industries, such as the manufacture of textiles, food products, high explosives, photographic films, tobacco, etc., regulation of the humidity of the atmosphere is of great importance. "Rational Psychrorhetic Formula;," a paper by Willis H. Carrier, dealt with the subject of the artificial regulation of atmospheric moisture, technically known as air conditioning.

A paper, "Air-conditioning Apparatus," defining the principles governing its application and operation, was delivered by Willis H. Carrier and Frank L. Busey.

THIS FROM: The annual dinner of the members of the Society and of the Boston Society of Civil Engineers and the Boston Section of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers will be given on January 15, 1912, at the Hotel Somerset. The Boston Society of Civil Engineers will have charge of the meeting and committees are actively at work on the arrangements. Addresses will be made by officials of the three organizations represented. FRIDAY MORNING, PROFESSIONAL SESSION

The concluding professional session of the convention was held on Friday morning in the auditorium, and was exceptionally well attended.

Two papers on air conditioning were then presented by the author, Willis H. Carrier of Buffalo, N. Y., Rational Psychrometric Formulae: Their Relations to the Problems of Meteorology and of Air Conditioning; and Air-Conditioning Apparatus. In the latter paper F. L. Busey of Buffalo acted as joint author. Both papers, which supplemented one another, dealt with the artificial regulation of atmospheric moisture, and gave a theoretical discussion of the subject, developing formulae for the solution of problems. They were discussed by R. C. Carpenter, L. S. Marks, H. E. Longwell, 0. P. Hood, R. C. H. Heck, J. I. Lyle, F. R. Still, Thos. M. Gunn and H. M. Prevost-Murphy.

A paper on Some Experiences with the Pitot Tube on High and Low Air Velocities, was then presented by the author, Frank H. Kneeland of Gary, W. Va., which related to the use of the Pitot tube for the measurement of flow of large volumes of air and tests made at the plant of the United States Coal and Coke Company at Gary. The paper was discussed by G. D. Gebhardt, R. C. Carpenter and W. H. Carrier.

Willis Haviland Carrier

Willis Haviland Carrier (November 26, 1876 – October 6, 1950) was an American engineer and inventor, most widely known as the man who invented modern air conditioning.

Description: Willis Carrier in 1915. Date: 1915. Source: Carrier Corporation.

This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, where Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF. Works published before 1923, in this case 1915, are now in the public domain.

By 100th Anniversary Press Kit - Carrier Corp (Carrier Corporation) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.


Sunday, July 01, 2012

Canada Day Then and Now

Canada Day marks the joining of the British North American colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada into a federation of four provinces (the Province of Canada being divided, in the process, into Ontario and Quebec) on July 1, 1867.

Description: Celebrations for the 60-Year Jubilee of Canadian Confederation (1867-1927) on Dominion Day on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Canada. Date: 1 July 1927. This image is available from Library and Archives Canada under the MIKAN ID number 3202130.

This Canadian work is in the public domain in Canada because its copyright has expired due to one of the following:

1. it was subject to Crown copyright and was first published more than 50 years ago, or it was not subject to Crown copyright, and 2. it is a photograph that was created prior to January 1, 1949, or 3. the creator died more than 50 years ago.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days) and it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice and it was in the public domain in its home country (Canada) on the URAA date (January 1, 1996). via Wikimedia Commons

Canada Day Then and Now

Description: Taken 01 July, 2003, looking south across Kempenfelt Bay, Barrie, Ontario, Canada, during Canada Day celebrations. Date: 1 July 2003. Source: Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was there. Author: Original uploader was DarrenBaker at en.wikipedia. Permission: (Reusing this file) Released into the public domain (by the author).

This work has been released into the public domain by its author, DarrenBaker. This applies worldwide. In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so: DarrenBaker grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Canada Day Then and Now

TEXT RESOURCE: Canada Day From Wikipedia